chromosome 10

Chromosome 10 represents between 4% and 4.5% of the total DNA in cells.

Summary:Gene examples of chromosome 10:
  • autosome
  • medium sized chromosome
  • about 135.000.000 base pairs
  • about 1106 genes
 
FGFR2: The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a family of fibroblast growth factor receptors, that play a role in cell division and regulating cell growth and maturation. Mutations in the FGFR2 gene can cause a number of genetic disorders (such as Pfeiffer syndrome, Apert syndrome, Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome or Crouzon syndrome), which are characterized by premature fusion of bones in the skull, hands and/or feet. The gene VIM encodes for vimentin. Vimentin belongs to the intermediate filaments which build along with the microtubules and microfilaments the cytoskeleton (a network out of proteins that are responsible for the mechanical stability of the cell and its outer shape, for active movements of the whole cell and for movements and transports inside the cell) of a cell. Vimentin is mesenchymal tissue specific (embryonal connective tissue).
chromosome overview (scaled down):
overview chromosome 10
Legend:
adenine (A)
thymine (T)
guanine (G)
cytosine (C)
not yet determined (N)
Legend:
adenine (A)
thymine (T)
guanine (G)
cytosine (C)
not yet determined (N)